Rail minister declares India’s first hydrogen prepare; Know the know-how

Railways Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw on Wednesday introduced that India could have its first hydrogen prepare designed and manufactured regionally by December 2023 on the Kalka-Shimla historic circuit. Although hydrogen-powered prepare know-how continues to be in its infancy with only some international locations utilizing it on a restricted foundation, India’s early adoption is considered a major step towards inexperienced initiatives.

The upcoming hydrogen-powered trains can be generally known as Vande Metro. It will initially run on historic, narrow-gauge routes together with the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, the Kalka Shimla Railwa y, the Matheran Hill Railway, the Kangra Valley, the Bilmora Waghai, and the Marwar-Devgarh Madriya, which can make journey extra environmentally pleasant.

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What are hydrogen trains?

Hydrogen trains are people who use hydrogen gasoline cells moderately than conventional diesel engines. The hydrogen gasoline cells produce electrical energy by changing hydrogen and oxygen, which is then used to energy the prepare’s motors.

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The incontrovertible fact that hydrogen trains don’t emit dangerous pollution corresponding to carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, or particulate matter makes them a extra environmentally pleasant choice than conventional diesel trains. Another profit is that hydrogen might be produced utilizing renewable vitality sources corresponding to wind, photo voltaic, or hydro energy, making the gasoline provide for these trains clear and renewable.

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Limitations to deal with earlier than using full potential

The excessive price of hydrogen trains is a significant obstacle to their widespread use. Green hydrogen (hydrogen produced utilizing renewable vitality) prices about INR 492/kg in India, in accordance with the analysis and scores company ICRA. As a outcome, the working price of a gasoline cell-based hydrogen engine can be 27% increased than that of a diesel engine. There will even be the added price of gasoline cells and storage.

Safety points also needs to be effectively thought-about earlier than adapting the know-how on mass utilization.

Source web site: www.hindustantimes.com

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